In this lesson, we’ll learn how to say the one who in Tahitian as well as that who, these who, those who. This lesson is related to the previous lesson: Relatives in Tahitian.
The one who in Tahitian
As a preamble, we learned the following rules in the previous lesson: Relatives in Tahitian :
|The relative proposition||Action accomplished||TE + NOUN + I + VERB|
|Action in progress in the nei||TE + NOUN + E + VERB + NEI|
|Action in progress in the ra||TE + NOUN + E + VERB + RA|
|No indication of the degree of accomplishment of the action||TE + NOUN + E + VERB|
By replacing the noun with taata, we get:
|The relative proposition||Action accomplished||TE + taata + I + VERB|
|Action in progress in the nei||TE + taata + E + VERB + NEI|
|Action in progress in the ra||TE + taata + E + VERB + RA|
|No indication of the degree of accomplishment of the action||TE + taata + E + VERB|
As a reminder :
|Te taata||A person, a human being|
The grammatical construction of this lesson consists of removing taata and we obtain:
|The one who||Action accomplished||TEI + VERB|
|Action in progress in the nei||TĒ + VERB + NEI|
|Action in progress in the ra||TĒ + VERB + RA|
|No indication of the degree of accomplishment of the action||TĒ + VERB|
The same construction is used for that who, these who, those who.
Let’s illustrate with simple examples
Let us choose for verb, the verb to sing: hīmene.
|Tei hīmene||The one who sang|
|Tē hīmene nei||The one who is singing|
|Tē hīmene ra||The one who was singing|
|Tē hīmene||The one who sings|
Let’s illustrate this lesson with a short dialogue.
|‘O vai tei tomo mai?||Who entered?|
|‘O ta’u hoa tei tomo mai||It was my friend who entered|
|E aha tē haere mai ra?||What made you come?|
|Tē haere mai e tii ‘o Hina no te tāiaraa||I came to get Hina to go fishing|
The already known vocabulary
The already known vocabulary is as follows, it appears in green. Grammatical constructions appear in red.
- ‘O vai, e aha: Interrogative pronouns in Tahitian – Who, what, where…
- Tomo = To penetrate, to enter, to sink a boat: The dining room in Tahitian – I’m hungry, I’m thirsty in Tahitian
- Mai: Where are you from in Tahitian – Where are you going – Mai, atu
- ‘O: Introduce yourself in Tahitian – I, you, he – Vau, au – Who
- Ta’u = My: My name is in Tahitian – My, your, his – To’u, ta’u
- Te hoa = A friend: This, that, these, those in Tahitian – Teie, tena, tera – Tē vai nei, tē vai ra
- Haere = To go: First 30 verbs in Tahitian
- Tii = To get: Adjectives in Tahitian- E mea – Particle I, No – Suffix raa
- NO TE + VERB-RAA = For: Because in Tahitian – Causality – E aha, no te aha, no te, no te mea
The new vocabulary
Here is the new vocabulary:
And the rest?
With this lesson, we have just learned to say the one who in Tahitian. And also, we learned 13 vocabulary words and expressions.